Chief George Hudson was born in 1808 in Mississippi and passed from this life in November of 1865. George was born in the State of Mississippi in the year of 1808 and lived with his family on Bywyah Creek, Bywyah (now spelled Bywy), about 20 miles West of the town of Mayhew and died in November of the year 1865.
He is buried across the road from where his house and farm once was located and just a mile West of the present Eagletown Burial Ground, in an unmarked grave near the Mountain Fork Bridge at Eagletown In Oklahoma.
In 1831, the records show that he lived near Noshechia Creek in the Moshulatubbe district with his household consiting of 5 persons, listing one male over the age of 16. He was allowed 80 achers by the 1830 treaty.
A History of Chief George Hudson
I have found today (4/2/2009) some information at this link below that may be of intrest, if indeed this list shows Chief George Hudson as the "owner". Just look down the list for George Hudson.
Note: He was married to two unknown women, one of which was the sister of a man named Hopaiishvbbi.
#1 Johnson Hudson
Born: August 2nd 1827
#2 Nancy (Watson)
Born: July 4th 1828
Dawes Roll Card #477 Died before enrolment
George Watson "Nalishvbbi"
Dawes Roll Card #477 Died before enrollment
Note: Peter James Hudson states: Mrs. Nancy Watson, the wife of George Watson whose Indian name was Nalishvbbi was the oldest daughter of my uncle George Hudson, former Principal Chief. Her husband lived in Buffalo Creek Settlement.
Children of Nancy and George Watson
#1 Ramsey Watson
Born about 1858
Born the 6th of Oct, 1900
Amy list her age as 42 when Sophia was born
#2 Thomas Watson
Card # 477 Roll# 919 aged 39 at Enrollment
Her Parents: Robert and Martha James
Tom Watson, was the last Sheriff under the Choctaw Government. He was Sheriff when the last man was executed at the District Court at Alikchi.
The United States Government tried to interfere, but the Choctaws had already tried him and found him guilty of murder and sentence had been pronounced and the day set for his execution, so when the day came for his execution, they took him to the court ground and executed him.
James Madison Ennis, now postmaster at Antlers has for years been
one of the best known public characters in the old Choctaw Nation.
His record is especially interesting for his long service as a deputy
United States marshal.
"The last man executed under the tribal laws of the Choctaw Nation,
says Mr. Ennis, was William Going a member of the tribe by blood and a baseball player of considerable prominence.
He was shot in 1898, by Sheriff Tom Watson of Nashoba County at Alikchi, the old Court Town of the Third Judicial District of the Choctaw Nation, after having been convicted of the murder of Ishtimihoke, a Choctaw woman, whom Going thought was practicing arts of witchcraft upon him.
The execution occurred about the time Congress gave its approval of
Atoka Agreement, and the passage of the Curtis Act, which abrogated
the Choctaw Government to a great extent and deprived its Court of
jurisdiction to try cases.
The attorneys for Going made application to Judge Clayton, United
States judge for the Central District of the Indian Territory, which
included the territory in which the Going case was tried, for a writ
of habeas corpus, to stop the execution of Going, Judge Clayton heard
the case heard the case and after a thorough investigation decided
that he had no jurisdiction to interfere in the matter, and delivered
Going to the Choctaw authorities.
The judge of the Choctaw District Court resentenced Going and about the time for the execution an effort was made in Antlers to forestall the execution, and telegrams were sent to Judge Thomas that Judge Clayton was out of the district and that Going was going to be unlawfully executed.
Judge Thomas upon said telegrams issued an order staying the execution until the matter could be investigated, and sent the order to Antlers by telegram; the telegram was conveyed to the Choctaw authorities at Alikchi on the day set for the execution.
When this telegram was taken before the Choctaw judge he declined to be controlled by the order of Judge Thomas, saying that Judge Clayton had decided that the United States courts had no jurisdiction in the case and decided to let the Choctaw law and judgement of the court be enforced.
Abner Clay, an educated and brilliant young Choctaw was
<---Abner Clay is pictured on far right in this photo.
He told the court that in his opinion the execution should proceed. Shortly before 2 o'clock on the execution day, Going was stripped to the waist and made to kneel on a blanket spread on the ground.
His heavy irons having been removed in the
jail, he walked down between the lines of men to the site of the
execution. Every safeguard was placed around the execution, for Going
had the reputation of being a desperate man.
When he had knelt, a medicine man of the Choctaws painted a black spot on his left chest, supposedly over his heart, a deputy sheriff held each hand and Sheriff Watson, thirty paces away, after careful aim fired his Winchester.
The ball hit the center of the painted spot and passed
through the Indian's body. Going threw up his hands and fell
backward, but he was not dead.
Sallie Durant, an Indian woman, recalling similar occurrences of earlier years, suggested the use of water to complete the death job, and the suspicion has since been current one would not have died had it not been for the use of water.
Warrants were issued at Antlers charging the Sheriff, the
prosecuting Attorney and Clerk with violation of the order of Judge
Thomas, and James Madison Ennis, then deputy United States Marshall under Col. John Carroll at Fort Smith, was charged with their arrest.
Sheriff Watson came to Antlers and surrendered and the others were brought in.
Charges against them were dismissed when it was learned
that Judge Clayton was yet in his district when the order was issued
by Judge Thomas. This fact invalidated the order.
Judge Thomas was killed in 1914 by prisoners in the State Penitentiary at McAlester, during an uprising of convicts. At the time Judge Thomas was sitting in the office of the warden.
The Children of Thomas and Lizzie Watson (James)
#1 George Watson
Dawes Roll #921 Card #477 age 16 at enrollment
#2 Sam Watson
Dawes Roll #922 Card #477 age 14 at enrollment
#3 Silas Watson
Dawes Roll #923 Card #477 age 12 at enrollment
#4 Incie Watson
#1 Jimmy Dale
#3 Ora Mae
#6 Daisy Mae Watson
Born: May 31st, 1928
Died: January 7th, 2003
Daisy Mae Watson 74 years old of Broken Bow, Oklahoma passed away Tuesday, January 7, 2003 at St. Francis Hospital in Tulsa Oklahoma.
She was born May 31, 1928, the Daughter of Incie Watson. She was a homemaker and enjoyed sewing, music, singing, her grandchildren and great-grandchildren and she loved to play bingo. She was the president of the Broken Bow Choctaw Senior Citizens Organization.
She was a lifetime resident of McCurtain County and a member of Myrtlewood Baptist Church.
She was preceded in death by her mother; three sisters, Ora Mae, Jackie and Marie; two brothers, Jimmy Dale and Wallace; three grandchildren, Rachel, Heath and Christopher, and one great-granddaughter.
Survivors include two sons and daughter-in-law, four daughters and three sons-in-law, Linda and Aaron Baker of Dearborn, Michigan, Dixon Watson and Julia, Wynell and Bobby Swartz Mona Franco, Danny Watson and Darlene, all of Broken Bow, and Judy and Ray Yoesting of Garden Plain, Kansas; one sister, Lucy White of Battiest, 21 grandchildren, 23 great-grandchildren, and several nieces, nephews, cousins and friends.
The Children of Thomas and Lizzie Watson (James) cont…
Dawes Roll #925 Card #477 age 4 at enrollment
#6 Caston Watson
Dawes Roll #925 Card #477 age 2 at enrollment (shows same # as Susie for some reason)
Dawes Roll #926 Card #477 age 1 at enrollment
Source for above information on The Thomas Watson family: http://genforum.genealogy.com/bohanan/messages/53.html
Children of George Hudson Cont…
Born: August 27th 1830 Died: ?
Spouse: Nelson McCoy
Note: Nelson McCoy was the brother of Ebahotema and they both were cousins of Peter James Hudson, being that their mother and his mother were sisters who were daughters of Captain Meshambe. Nelson had an Uncle named Mayvbbii who was the brother of Widow Hudson, the mother of Chief George Hudson. This makes Nelson McCoy and his wife Adaline Hudson 1st cousins.
#1 Dora Hudson
(Daughter of Adaline Hudson & step-daughter of Nelson McCoy)
Note: Dora Married Nelson Christy who later murdered her and her cousin Virgina Winship. Dora had 1 daughter, name (unknown), and she was married as well....
#2 Cissie McCoy
Spouse: Wilkin Wall
later this same WILKIN WALL married ELZIE HUDSON, the daughter of Joel Hudson from his 1st Marriage.....ELZIE HUDSON's 1st marriage was to William McKINNEY..no children from this Marriage.
Nelson McCoy Wall
#4 Captain Washington Hudson
Born: October 22nd 1832
Note: Washington became a Confederate Captain of Deneale's Regiment of Choctaw Warriors:
1st Spouse: Adeline McCoy
2nd Spouse: Elizabeth Hudson Choctaw Card #2391 (Daughter of Judge James Hudson and Peshatema Miashambi)
Daughter: Ennis Hudson Born about 1857
Ennis Hudson married 1st: Silas Tonhika
#1 Otson Tonhika Choctaw Card #2392 was Born about 1876. Died?
Married Lucy Leandis Choctaw card #1249 Born? Died?
Richmond Tonihka. Choctaw Card #2394. born; Aug.9, 1902, enrolled Sept.18, 1902 Died?
#2 Salean Tonihka Choctaw Card #2393 Born about 1880. Died: ? Salean married Louie Wesley. Choctaw Card #1249 Born? Died?
Ennis Hudson (Tonhika) married 2nd: Ellis Louie Born about 1871 and Died June 1902, proof of death filed Dec.20,1902 - his enrollment was cancelled by the Dept. on July 8,1904
Father is Cholman Louie
Mother is Liney Tonihka Choctaw Card #2390
Born: Feb 1836 Died:?
1st Spouse: Mrs. Homa
She was a Daughter of Cornelius Homa who was the son of John Homa, a brother of Fuli Homa, Creek Indians, captured by Choctaw Allies under Gen. Andrew Jackson in Creek War of 1812, and afterwards adopted by the Choctaw tribe.
Children of Joel & Mrs Homa:
2nd Spouse was Margret Emmaline Lewis a Caucasion woman.
Children of Joel and Margret:
We also found this info at the link below and may be our Joel Hudson
They had the following children:
Amanda Melvina HUDSON was born 6 Feb 1879 and died 10 Apr 1936. melvina was mother to Margaret Levenia Blue b. 4/15/1903 d. 5/18/1985 married Hampton Compala 6/16/1921
Children: Ivan Toby, Joel Daniel, Joe Henry, Evadean, Bob, and Hampton jr.
Ivan Compala, called Toby, married Judy Lee Evans, and they had 4 children: Jeffrey Alan, Bruce Michael, John Daniel, David Wayne.
Jeffrey Alan has Children Lana Compala & Ryan Caine Compala
M ii Henry HUDSON was born 1873. M iii
Charley HUDSON was born 1878 in Sugar Loaf City, OK.
Born: November 11th 1837
#7 Eliza (Elizabeth)
Born: June 16th 1854
Born: September 15th 1855
Note: I also found this childs name in a listing for George Hudson, but am not sure if it is right.
#6 Napoleon Bonaparte Hudson
Concerning the Choctaw Nation under Chief George Hudson during The United States Civil War:
On February 18th 1861, the Choctaw Council instructed Chief George Hudson to confer with the Chickasaws, and on March 11th the two tribes agreed to jointly prepare for military duty.
On June 14th Chief Hudson ordered all male citizens and residents between the ages of 18 and 45 to ready themselves "for the defense of the nation at a minute's warning."
By this time, Confederate troops from Texas had already seized Federal posts in the Choctaw Nation.
On July 12th at North Fork Village in the Creek Nation, Choctaw delegates signed a treaty with the Confederacy.
The Choctaws and Chickasaws were to organize 10 companies whose service would be restricted to Indian Territory.
The Confederacy recognized absolute, perpetual Choctaw title to their lands, assumed all financial obligations of the U.S. Government, and agreed to provisions and to pay the Choctaw troops.
By July 31st 1861, the First Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles, under command of Col. Douglas H. Cooper, were organized.
Other Choctaw units followed: The Second Regiment of Choctaw Cavalry under Col. Simpson N. Folsom. The Third Regiment of Choctaw Cavalry under Col. Jackson McCurtin. The First Choctaw Mounted Rifles under Col. Sampson Folsom. Deneale's Regiment of Choctaw Warriors under Col. George Deneale. And Capt. Williams Company of Choctaw Infantry under Capt. John Williams.
The Choctaw units were to see combat in 8 major battles.
The first was the pursuit of Union Indian sympathizers under Opothleyahola who was attempting to flee to Kansas.
The First Choctaw and Chickasaw Warriors engaged the fleeing party in battles at Round Mountain on November 19th 1861, at Chusto-Talasah (Caving Banks) on December 9th 1861, and at Chustenahlah on December 25th
On March 8th 1862, they fought at the battle of Elkhom Tavern, Arkansas, providing rearguard defense for the Confederate retreat.
On September 20th of 1862 they were again engaged at Newtonia, Missouri and under command of Lt. Col. Tandy Walker, charged and routed the Union infantry.
The Choctaws were also heavily involved in the largest battle to occur in Indian Territory: Honey Springs on July 17th 1863.
"Also at Prairie Springs on July 22, 1863, and Perryville on August 26, 1863."
In 1864 the Choctaws were again requested to serve outside of the Territory.
On April 18th 1864 the First Choctaw and Chickasaw Warriors saw action in the Battle of Poison Springs, 10 miles west of Camden, Arkansas.
Gen. Samuel Maxey commended the Choctaws for participating voluntarily and for performing their duty "nobly, gallantly, and gloriously."
In February of 1864, Union Col. William A. Phillips had struck deep into the Choctaw Nation.
The Choctaws refused to surrender, despite the widespread devastation being wrought upon them by the Federals.
Finally, by the spring of 1865, the Choctaws acknowledged the cause was lost.
On June 10th 1865, the Council asserted its right to surrender independently of the Confederacy. Nine days later, Chief Peter P. Pitchlynn surrendered the nation's military forces to Lt. Col. Asas C. Matthews.
Below is a report of an incident between Soldiers of the Civil War that mentions Chief George Hudson and his son, Captain Washington Hudson.
"On or about the 5th day of May in 1862 after the Battalion of Lieut. Col George E Deneale had disbanded and refused to obey marching orders & the camp being in the Choctaw Nation where the Quartermasters entire train consisting of horses, mules, wagons, and camp equipment were stationed, we attempted to remove the train out of the nation when an armed force consisting of parts of two companies of Choctaw Indians purporting to belong to Col Sampson Folsom's Regiment of Choctaw Indians and one company of Arkansas troops purporting to belong to Col Dawson's Regiment of Arkansas; troops proceeded to the camp where the property was, and by command of the Chief (George Hudson) of the nation who said he was acting under the orders of Col Folsom, forcibly took possession of all the property mentioned above (consisting of) commissary stores, & started out for Doaksville where the headquarters of Col Folsom's Regiment (was) (I was then) informed (that) said property was carried and delivered to Col Folsom or his quartermaster (along) with the capture of our ambulance and two horses..."
The Statement of CPT. R.M. Mooney (1st LT and Adj of Deneale's Rgt.
"I was ordered by Col. George E. Deneale to proceed to the Choctaw Nation and to take possession of certain wagons and teams, as well as other property belonging to the Col, and to deliver them over to James A.N. Murray, Quartermaster of said Deneale's Regt, and to his order, there was also in my possession an order signed by Capt James A.N. Murray QM to the same effect.
So that I might have no trouble about the matter or no apparent want of authority.
In accordance with the order, I proceeded to Lukfahtah and then (on) to Camp Pitchlynn where the property was (located).
I then ordered the teamsters to gear up and (to) start the teams (moving), so they were doing (that) when an armed force of about two hundred and fifty to three hundred men under the command of Capt. Leonidas Pitchlynn, (and) Capt. Washington Hudson who were Choctaws, and a white man called Capt. or Judge Flowers who demanded of me the unconditional surrender of the property.
The Chief, George Hudson was present assisting in the matter and in the authority under which he, the Chief and the other men referred to.
Peter P Pitchlynn so then read a document signed by Sampson Folsom and others and as they said authorized by Gen Albert Pike, stating that the property was in a suffering condition and must of necessity be taken care of and that they should take it into possession for reasons which seemed to me to be unreasonably foolish.
I was of course overpowered and the property was taken out of my possession by these men.
I left immediately to report the facts to Capt. Murray, Quarter Master and Col. G.E. Deneale.
And when I had gone about twenty-three miles from this camp I was taken prisoner by Capt. Leondias Pitchlynn of the nation and Capt. Flowers of the Arkansas troops before referred to, and they tied me up after stripping me of all my order papers and money, and took me to Col. Peter .P. Pitchlynn (with) the articles taken from me and I was captured (taken prisoner) in the state of Arkansas, and I have never received a single thing back (that was) so taken (from me).
I would further state of my own personnel knowledge that the reasons of the teams and property being left at this place were these: that the waters were so high that it was impossible to cross (there) and (that) the regiment at this place refused to march further or to obey the orders of Col. Deneale.
Chief George Hudson being present (there, as well) and urging them (in Choctaw which was interpreted then) to revolt and not to move out of the Nation.
One of the captains of the regiment (Hamilton), another Shoat, another Hudson, (decided) that they would obey no orders, nor leave the nation, and that they would not leave (the) Regiment and they were armed and prepared to resist any attempt to arrest them.
I know that the property was well taken care of by white men and Negroes who were left in charge of it by Col Deneale & Capt Murray and was not in a suffering condition or being wasted."
More Civil War Information
March 12, 1861, p. 3, c. 4
We copy from the South Western Democrat resolutions passed by the general council of the Choctaw Nation. We are glad to see our neighbors taking such a bold and manly position, and think that some of our own people might learn a lesson from them. The message of James [George] Hudson, the principal chief, is an able paper, and we regret that we have not space to republish it. It takes the position boldly and unequivocally that in the event of a dissolution of the Union the Choctaw Nation will go with the southern States.—Read the resolutions below.
From the South Western Democrat.
Resolutions. Expressing the feelings and sentiments of the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, in reference to the political disagreement existing between the northern and southern States of the American Union.
Resolved by the General Council of the Choctaw Nation, assembled, That we view with deep regret and great solicitude, the present unhappy political disagreement between the northern and southern States of the American Union, tending to a permanent dissolution of the government, and the disturbance of the various important relations existing with that government, by treaty, stipulations and international laws, protending [portending?] much injury to the Choctaw government and people.
Resolved, further, that we express the earnest desire and ready hope entertained by the entire Choctaw people, that any and all political disturbances agitating and dividing the people of the various States may be honorably and speedily adjusted; and the example and the blessing, and fostering care of the general government, and the many and friendly social ties existing with their people, continue for the enlightenment in moral and good government; and prosperity in the material concerns of life, to our whole population.
Resolved, further, That in the event of a permanent dissolution of the American Union takes place, our many relations with the general government must cease, and we shall be left to follow the natural affections, education, institutions, and interest of our people, which indissolubly bind us in every way to the destiny of our neighbors, and brethren of the southern states; upon whom we are confident we can rely for the preservation of our rights, of liberty and property, continuance of friendship, general counsel and fraternal support.
Resolved, further, That we desire to assure our immediate neighbors, the people of Arkansas and Texas, of our determination to observe amicable relations in every way so long existing between us, and the firm reliance we have, that amid any disturbance with other States, the rights and feelings so sacred to us will remain respected by them, and be protected from the encroachment of others.
Resolved, further, That his excellency, the principal chief, be requested to enclose, with an appropriate communication from himself, a copy of these resolutions to the Governors of the southern States, with the request that they be laid before the State convention of each State, as many as have assembled at the date of their reception; and that in such as have not, they be published in the newspapers of the State.
Further enacted, That these resolutions take effect, and be in force from and after their passage.
Approved Feb. 7th, 1861.
[This comes from original reaserch by Vicki Betts, Professional Librarian Cataloging and Reference The University of Texas at Tyler]